Many archaeologists believed most remaining usage of hemp had originated from Ancient China based on excavations in a number of sites which offered vital evidences. The Earliest artifacts of hemp had been discovered in a Neolithic site at Yuan-Shan (Modern day Taiwan) which dates the site as 12,000 years old. It includes coarse, sandy pottery with hemp cordage marks covering the surface; along with that is a incised, rod shaped stone beater which suggested a tool to pound hemp into cord.
Additional evidences of early hemp had been discovered in various sites in ancient China, some discoveries are:
- The Long Shan culture (4000 BC) left samples of hemp cloth, indicting the cultivation of hemp for fibers.
- The agricultural tribes of the Liang Zhu culture (3300 BC-2300 BC) left evidences of consuming hemp in two pottery vessels on the floor of a house in Lin-chia during the Zhejiang province of Neolithic China period.
- Woven textile impression found on a Neolithic site (6000 BC - 4000 BC) in Henan Provinces in Eastern Neolithic China had several textile pieces made of hemp and silk
- Remnants of hemp had been discovered at sites of the Ch'i-chia, a culture of advanced farmers who also raised livestock in eastern Kansu.
- The excavation at Linjia in Dong Xiang, Jiangxi province; dated between 2900 BC - 2700 BC unearthed large quantities of broom corn millet and hemp seeds from storage pits.